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Introduction and history


The constant erosion over millions of years has turned Bako into a picturesque coastline of steep cliffs, rocky headlands and many stretches of sandy bays and coves. The erosion caused by constant waves at the base of cliffs has carved sea arches and sea stacks. Beautiful sandstone formations featuring pink and iron patterns on cliff faces can be seen along most of the coastline. 


Declared a protected area on May 1st, 1957, Bako is Sarawak's oldest national park covering an area of 2,727 hectares at the tip of the Muara Tebas peninsula. It is one of the smallest national parks in Sarawak, yet one of the most interesting as it contains almost every type of vegetation found on Borneo Island along with a rich variety of wildlife.


With a well maintained network of trails, Bako National Park has something for everyone.  Experience this unique environment through anything from easy day hikes to tough multi-day jungle treks!





Flora and Fauna


Bako contains an incredible variety of plant species and vegetation types that add natural wonder of the park.  While visiting Bako, it is possible to see up to 25 distinct types of vegetation from seven different eco-systems.  These eco-systems include: Beach Vegetation, Cliff Vegetation, Kerangas or Heath Forest, Mangrove Forest, Mixed Dipterocarp Forest, Padang or Grasslands Vegetation, and Peat Swamp Forest. It is easy to explore these eco-systems via the jungle trails and take-in the different colors, shapes and sounds.  Start your exploration at the Park Office in Telok Assam to get a sneak preview!  Surprises are found around every bend such as strange carnivorous plants including pitcher plants, sundews, and bladderworts.


With its long history as a protected area, Bako is a wildlife hotspot.  Visitors, especially those who stay overnight, have countless opportunities to observe and photograph wildlife.




Bako is home to approximately 150 rare proboscis monkeys, found only in Borneo. They are mostly arboreal (tree-dwelling), moving about the forest or mangroves in small groups and feeding on young leaves, shoots, sour fruits and seeds.  The largest mammal found in Bako is the Bornean Bearded Pig. As its name implies, it is distinguished from other wild pigs by prominent bristles on either side of its snout. A number of lizards and snakes are also found at Bako, most of which are harmless. Bako is also a fascinating place for bird watching. The nocturnal creatures in Bako include the flying lemur, pangolin, mouse deer, various bats, tarsier, slow loris and palm civet.  Day or night, the jungle is full of life.





Attraction and Activities



Bird watching

Bird watchers have recorded over 150 bird species in Bako including two types of Hornbills, the state bird of Sarawak. In addition to the residents of the region, Bako is also a fantastic place for observing migrant birds.


Treks and Trails

Bako's extensive trail system is made up of 16 colour-coded jungle trails, which offer a range of walking and hiking options. The fit and adventurous can opt for full-day jungle hikes or overnight camping expeditions, while those who prefer to take it easy can opt for a relaxing forest walk.


Teluk Assam

Teluk Assam is near the Park Office and is a great place for spotting wildlife. Long-tailed macaques, silver leaf monkeys, common monitor lizards, plantain squirrel, bearded pigs and mouse deer are all found here. Telok Assam is also an excellent bird watching location.


Tanjung Sapi

A short but steep climb through cliff vegetation, it takes about 30 minutes to reach Tanjung Sapi. You will be rewarded with excellent views of Telok Assam, the South China Sea and Santubong!


Tanjung Rhu

From the Park Office, it takes about two and a half hours or 45 minutes from the Tajor junction to reach Tanjung Rhu. This trail branches off the Tajor trail and leads across open country to the rocky peninsula and a small headland where you can see a wave-cut natural platform and natural rock pools.



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Package Tour to Bako National Park


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